This-essay is a8102081.htm which is available at the web-site www.essayz.com. See more notes at the bottom. Previous-Essay <== This-Essay ==> Following-Essay By-Months By-Years By-Words Webs of Like-&-Un-Like ESSAYS <==> Like-&-UN-Like This-One ========================================================== %SCIENTISTS' PARADIGM LIMITATIONS 810208 Scientists' paradigm demands that all understanding be achieved by systematic procedures characterized by personal detachment, communal verifications, doubt, quantitative measurements, repeatability, analysis into elementary components, comparison with controlled nearly alike situations, explicit goals, formal methods of articulation and communication, movement towards the ability to predict and control, observer-independent processes, observer-neutrality about outcome, skepticism, etc. The scientists' paradigm is successful in some kinds of contexts. Scientists are prone to concentrate their attention upon contexts in which their paradigms yield success. It is difficult for people to believe that what they are ignoring is important, or that what they spend most of their time on is unimportant. Thus scientists tend to regard contexts as important to the extent that in those contexts their scientific paradigm bears fruit. Scientists' paradigm tends not to bear much fruit in contexts which are characterized by human intimacy and reflexive considerations. Scientists are not very helpful when it comes to explaining, understanding, predicting, or controlling intimate human relationships and reflexive considerations. Scientists find it difficult to work with people because according to their metaphysics, people are not fundamentally real; people are not fundamental realities. Thus relationships between people are not fundamental relationships. Scientists cannot develop an epistemology which places great importance upon interpersonal relationships, because people are not important in the scientists' metaphysics. Thus scientists cannot readily perceive how interpersonal relationships play a fundamental role in all of the basic human perceptions and decision making which are central to objective scientific behavior. So long as scientists assume that personal perceptions are independent of inter-personal relationships, they are building on a questionable foundation. They assume that objectivity is independent of inter-personal relationships, that the nature of reality does not depend upon individual and communal decisions and reflexive considerations. (c) 2005 by Paul A. Smith in www.essayz.com Search for Integrity and Honesty (On Being Yourself, Whole and Healthy) ==========================================================Lines beginning with a percent sign are KEYWORDS for use in ESSAY-System Searches. Their terminal digits are dates of writing in the format @yymmdd#, where @ = a means 99, @ = b means 20, and # = is a within-date essay-count. Links to date-adjacent essays are near page top & bottom.
Find the following links by clicking on CENTER when CENTER near the top or bottom of a web page of essayz.com
1. Go to HOME PAGE of essayz.com 2. Find brief-essays via keywords 3. Find brief-essay about ADDICTION 4. Search-Helps related to ABOVE-LINK 5. GoTo Action & Information Center 6. Find Regular-Essays via Year/Month 7. Find Regular-Essays via Word-Starts 8. Find Regular-Essay about LOVE
This-essay is a8102081.htm which is available at the web-site www.essayz.com. These 5 lines echo top lines. Previous-Essay <== This-Essay ==> Following-Essay By-Months By-Years By-Words Webs of Like-&-Un-Like ESSAYS <==> Like-&-UN-Like This-One