This-essay is a8504181.htm which is available at the web-site www.essayz.com. See more notes at the bottom. Previous-Essay <== This-Essay ==> Following-Essay By-Months By-Years By-Words Webs of Like-&-Un-Like ESSAYS <==> Like-&-UN-Like This-One ========================================================== %BIAS VIA INCLUSIVE/EXCLUSIVE 850418 Bias originates in exclusivity, not in inclusivity, more often than not. To include a consideration in arriving at a judgment is not as often the cause of bias as to exclude a consideration. To include emotional considerations in forming an opinion does not introduce bias, not the inclusivity. Objectivity and subjectivity each are biased only in the absence of the other. Balance is not biased. It is imbalance which is biased. The informed person tends to be less biased than the ignorant person, the uninformed. Scientists' paradigm is biased to the extent that it excludes subjective considerations. If emotional distance and non-involvement are required as a precondition for scientific respectability then scientific respectability is biased because of that exclusivity. Judgments would be less biased if balance were required rather than exclusive objectivity. Bias is not eliminated by excluding channels of awareness and communication. Because of their methodological bias scientists as scientists can not study scientists without bias. By their own rules it is impossible for scientists to study scientists as scientists. Their rules do not provide for respectable ways of integrating emotional participatory insights into scientists' analysis; subjectivity is not integrated into scientists' life style. When scientists compulsively defend exclusive objectivity, as if such behavior were required by scientists in order to avoid rejection by scientists, then scientists are engaging in biased self-referential behavior which is clearly not objective to people who are not participants in the collusion which demands the pretense of being exclusively objective as an essential means to salvation. Threats of rejection and excommunication are not objective behaviors; nor are responses to such threats. Efforts to maintain professional standards are self-referential, not objective. It is logically impossible for scientists to be scientific in maintaining scientific standards. To pretend otherwise is not scientific. (c) 2005 by Paul A. Smith in www.essayz.com Search for Integrity and Honesty (On Being Yourself, Whole and Healthy) ==========================================================Lines beginning with a percent sign are KEYWORDS for use in ESSAY-System Searches. Their terminal digits are dates of writing in the format @yymmdd#, where @ = a means 99, @ = b means 20, and # = is a within-date essay-count. Links to date-adjacent essays are near page top & bottom.
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