This-essay is a7711041.htm which is available at the web-site www.essayz.com. See more notes at the bottom. Previous-Essay <== This-Essay ==> Following-Essay By-Months By-Years By-Words Webs of Like-&-Un-Like ESSAYS <==> Like-&-UN-Like This-One ========================================================== %INSTINCT VS CALCULATION 771104 Instinct and calculation are both coping mechanisms, but instinct is by far the more ancient. Calculation as a coping mechanism developed as an adaptation which promoted survival in changing environments. Instinct tends to promote survival best in stable environments --- because it as a coping mechanism is not flexible in the short term. Calculation, on the other hand, may be so unstable in its flexibility as to promote instability in the environment to the point of undermining well functioning instincts --- and so undermining the ability of a species to survive. Survival-value conflicts between instinct and calculation as coping mechanisms --- are often the most basic conflicts relevant to the survival of the human species. Human instincts through seniority have great power to direct human behavior; they are not easily removed from office and power. For calculations to be based upon the assumption that instincts are removed from office and power --- is usually foolish in the extreme. Repression of instincts is not the same as transcendence of instincts. Wise calculations respect the continuing roles of instincts in motivating and guiding humane behavior. Foolish calculations pretend that all motivation and guidance can originate in calculative coping patterns. Such pretensions are undermined by essential instincts of greater seniority than the calculative coping mechanisms. Calculative coping mechanisms are expressed in formal symbolic language, thought processes which are dependent upon formal symbolic language and techniques refined through such formal though processes. Instinctive coping mechanisms relate to meeting essential bodily needs for food, affection, social intercourse, sexual intercourse; shelter from hostile natural and human environments, etc. The survival of the human species depends upon the integration of instinctive and calculative coping mechanisms in ways which recognize the essential roles which each coping mechanism has to play, granting each its occasion to make its contribution in the appropriate times, places, contexts, situations, etc. For any one coping pattern to arrogate exclusive power is destructive in the long term. (c) 2005 by Paul A. Smith in www.essayz.com Search for Integrity and Honesty (On Being Yourself, Whole and Healthy) ==========================================================Lines beginning with a percent sign are KEYWORDS for use in ESSAY-System Searches. Their terminal digits are dates of writing in the format @yymmdd#, where @ = a means 99, @ = b means 20, and # = is a within-date essay-count. Links to date-adjacent essays are near page top & bottom.
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