This-essay is a7309012.htm which is available at the web-site www.essayz.com. See more notes at the bottom. Previous-Essay <== This-Essay ==> Following-Essay By-Months By-Years By-Words Webs of Like-&-Un-Like ESSAYS <==> Like-&-UN-Like This-One ========================================================== %ACADEMIC HONESTY 730901 Within institutions of higher education when one speaks of academic honesty it is usual to limit the implications to decisions and actions of students. Usually the implications, are further limited to honesty with respect to indicating instances where credit for accomplishment is due to others than self, such as within essays, research papers, problem sets, and examinations. In particular, the term is used in relation to situations which are relevant to the certification aspect of education and certification. The need to strongly emphasize academic honesty arises through the conflict of interest inherent in combining education and certification. It may be helpful to consider academic honesty as having potentially broader meanings, and examine the broader implications of the conflict of interest inherent in combining education and certification. The need to emphasize academic honesty in the traditional narrow sense arises from the way students are motivated to play games. This is often manifested on examinations in the form of cheating which is one of the ways in which students play games with their instructors. In what other ways do students play games which relate to academic honesty in its broader sense? Consider a group discussion in which the topic of discussion pertains to codes of conduct, religious doctrines, patriotism, traditions, taboos, or most anything of great importance to students. It is not likely that students and instructor meet with mutual understanding in relation to such questions. If the instructor has the power of the grade and the student no counter-balancing power, it is not likely that there will be academic honesty in its broadest sense! In many instances the student may not safely be honest, and so in self defense plays games. (Freedom of speech is an empty concept in those instances.) In such situations honest dialogue is impossible. There is no authentic meeting. There is little if any education. Through the use of many techniques there may be training, but relatively little carry-over value. Professors have few occasions in which to set examples with respect to academic honesty of the narrow kind. They take few tests and are good at footnoting. It is far more difficult for Professors to be effective examples with respect to honesty in the broader context, and perhaps that is why it is so rarely emphasized. (c) 1999 by Paul A. Smith in GO: essayz.com "Search for Integrity and Honesty" (On Being Yourself, Whole and Healthy) ==========================================================Lines beginning with a percent sign are KEYWORDS for use in ESSAY-System Searches. Their terminal digits are dates of writing in the format @yymmdd#, where @ = a means 99, @ = b means 20, and # = is a within-date essay-count. Links to date-adjacent essays are near page top & bottom.
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