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This is Previous-Essay <== This-Essay ==> Following-Essay Click HERE on this line to find essays via Your-Key-Words. {Most frequent wordstarts of each essay will be put here.} ========================================================== %AVOID DYSFUNCTIONAL PARADIGM TECHNIQUE VALUE IDEAL 921124 Most leaders do not have difficulty in avoiding unqualified experts when it comes to constructing bridges across big rivers, building fast airplanes, or erecting tall skyscrapers. It is quite clear which experts know how to succeed at tasks which are clearly defined technical tasks. The paradigm within which each kind of expert is successful is rather clearly defined. People operating within inappropriate paradigms are not often regarded as qualified in regards to building bridges, airplanes and skyscrapers. Many leaders do have difficulty in avoiding unqualified experts when it comes to dealing with human dilemmas relating to dysfunctional: families, sexuality, attempts to be in control, educational systems, health delivery "systems", religious leaders, professional training programs, science education, etc. In these instances it is not always clear what paradigm is appropriate, and much less clear just which people who regard themselves as experts in a presumably appropriate paradigm---are in fact likely to approach dilemmatic situations and people with integrative attitudes, assumptions, perceptions, languages, values, ideals, etc. Dilemmatic situations cannot be wisely dealt with in purely technical terms with technologies which presume that all questions relating to values, ideals, goals, and appropriate human relationships have already been resolved to the satisfaction of people who are involved, or likely to become involved. Trusting inappropriate "experts" who are operating within inappropriate paradigms can be truly tragic; yet it not be apparent to the people involved that the tragedy is rooted in the dysfunctional relationships within and among the paradigms', leaders and "experts" who are playing central roles in the tragedy. We need leaders who are trained/educated to recognize the roots of such tragedies, and "experts" who are trained/educated to recognize the limits of their paradigms, expertise, and technologies. The above training and/or education will not be easy to achieve, for we do not yet know how (as to process) such leaders and experts should be trained or educated; or even what (as to content) such leaders and experts should be led to learn, know, and practice. Further we do not know how (in what manner and style) they should relate to the public at large in regards to selection, empowerment, and work within the broader political contexts of various communities and cultures. There is much to learn which we may not be ready or willing to learn. See the preceding essays. (c) 2005 by Paul A. Smith in (On Being Yourself, Whole and Healthy) ==========================================================