This-essay is a8410181.htm which is available at the web-site www.essayz.com. See more notes at the bottom. Previous-Essay <== This-Essay ==> Following-Essay By-Months By-Years By-Words Webs of Like-&-Un-Like ESSAYS <==> Like-&-UN-Like This-One ========================================================== %AFFIRMATIONS OF SELF-REFERENTIAL BEHAVIOR 841018 Not all self-referential behavior obviously refers to the person engaged in the behavior. Jack may have become closely identified with Jill, so that when Jack refers to Jill he is engaging in self-referential behavior. Jill may have become closely identified with some particular religious group, so that when Jack makes reference to that religious group, his behavior is by extension also self-referential. In such extended situations it is presumptuous to pretend that one's own behavior is free of bias, completely objective. The scientist who is engaged in an objective study of certain objects---is likely to regard such behavior as objective behavior, thinking uncritically that because the nature of the study is objective the nature---of the behavior is also objective. In the case of the nature of the study---the word "objective" points to: the choice of the scientist to be emotionally uninvolved in the objects under analysis and control; the choice to not let the objects point personally back to him in an emotionally laden way; the choice to not become involved in an "I-Thou" relationship with that which is being studied; the choice to participate in a "I-It" relationship with the object of analysis. The behavior of the scientist is essentially self-referential. The behavior is inherently an affirmation of the self regarding the value of spending time in the chosen way. It is impossible for the nature of behavior to be non-self- referential, The nature of approach to an object may be objective. The nature of approach to a person may be objective only if the approach is disintegrative. Bias is not eliminated by being a member of a collusion which pretends that the nature of the behavior of the participants is objective. The collusion involves covert claims that point away from the participants; and claims that there is no collusion. The collusion is self-referential. The collusion involves the false implicit claim that the participants' behavior is objective, when that is impossible. (c) 2005 by Paul A. Smith in www.essayz.com Search for Integrity and Honesty (On Being Yourself, Whole and Healthy) ==========================================================Lines beginning with a percent sign are KEYWORDS for use in ESSAY-System Searches. Their terminal digits are dates of writing in the format @yymmdd#, where @ = a means 99, @ = b means 20, and # = is a within-date essay-count. Links to date-adjacent essays are near page top & bottom.
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