This-essay is a7711211.htm which is available at the web-site www.essayz.com. See more notes at the bottom. Previous-Essay <== This-Essay ==> Following-Essay By-Months By-Years By-Words Webs of Like-&-Un-Like ESSAYS <==> Like-&-UN-Like This-One ========================================================== %CULTURE VS INSTINCTS 771121 roups of people wisely direct their members' instinctual motivations to fulfill their most basic needs. At its worst, culture occasions violence by blocking individual efforts to fulfill essential needs. Wise culture facilitates expression of instinctual motivation in ways which build community; violent culture inhibits expression of instinctual motivation in ways which dam community and occasion violent individual efforts to escape the violations of instinctual motivations. Wise culture accepts instinctual motivation and gives it direction in expression; violent culture rejects instinctual motivation and attempts to prevent its expression. Culture is the means by which groups of people attempt to control instinctual motivation. As means culture involves many techniques for giving direction or inhibiting instinctual motivation. Culture involves both subjective and objective technologies as means to control instinctual motivation. Cultures differ according to their relative emphasis upon facilitation or inhibition of self expression on the one hand, and their relative emphasis upon subjective or objective technologies on the other hand. The type of technology which is dominant pertains to both the control of instinctual motivation and to the kinds of means used by members of the community in solving the practical daily problems of food supply, food preparation, waste disposal, clothing, shelter, transportation, amusement, resource management, relational management, education, etc. Cultures differ according to which instinctual motivations are facilitated and which are inhibited. Cultural variety originates in the various mixes of such facilitations and inhibitions---open cultures tending towards facilitations and closed cultures tending towards inhibitions. Closed cultures tend towards the inhibition of instinctive communications, and by violating individual instincts to communicate occasion violent rebellions against the inhibition of communicative instincts. Closed cultures become preoccupied with inhibitions and rebellions, and so with violence and the instincts which are violated. The rebellions justify the inhibitions, and vice versa. Closed cultures need to communicate with open cultures to discover how to direct, rather than repress, instinctual motivations. (c) 2005 by Paul A. Smith in www.essayz.com Search for Integrity and Honesty (On Being Yourself, Whole and Healthy) ==========================================================Lines beginning with a percent sign are KEYWORDS for use in ESSAY-System Searches. Their terminal digits are dates of writing in the format @yymmdd#, where @ = a means 99, @ = b means 20, and # = is a within-date essay-count. Links to date-adjacent essays are near page top & bottom.
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