This-essay is a7706291.htm which is available at the web-site www.essayz.com. See more notes at the bottom. Previous-Essay <== This-Essay ==> Following-Essay By-Months By-Years By-Words Webs of Like-&-Un-Like ESSAYS <==> Like-&-UN-Like This-One ========================================================== %OFFICIAL ACTS 770629 An official act is one which a person takes in office---while holding trust some office which vests in the person special responsibilities and powers. Not all acts taken by a person in office are official acts. Many actions are purely personal, and the office's responsibilities and powers are irrelevant to the import or taking of the action. Many actions take the form of inaction---the failure to do that which proper discharge of the duties of the office calls for. Many official acts are inactions, having significant import nevertheless. Procrastination may be an official act---sometimes occasioning injustice since justice delayed is often justice denied. Official acts of incompetence often occasion injustice when corrective measures are not promptly taken by those in positions of authority. Often officers confuse their official responsibilities and powers with their private responsibilities and powers. They may let their private values override their official responsibilities---as when administrators permit their private views to cause them to show disrespect for constitutional rights and formal legislation in official acts which fulfill their private sense of moral responsibility. This often happens with respect to private behavior, religious beliefs/practices, and political expressions. Officers may take advantage of the powers of office to empower purely private acts---for personal gain, moral/ethical posturing, social recognition, etc. Using the powers of office to empower private acts makes those private acts into official acts. Officers are responsible for how they use the powers of their office, whether those powers are used to fulfill the responsibilities of office or to empower private acts. Thus officers should take care not to confuse their purely private responsibilities with their official responsibilities. Acts of personal loyalty are most often private acts. In a democracy it is rarely the official responsibility of an officer to be personally loyal to either a superior or a subordinate. Placing personal loyalty above truth, due procedures, and respect for law---is an improper official act. (c) 2005 by Paul A. Smith in www.essayz.com Search for Integrity and Honesty (On Being Yourself, Whole and Healthy) ==========================================================Lines beginning with a percent sign are KEYWORDS for use in ESSAY-System Searches. Their terminal digits are dates of writing in the format @yymmdd#, where @ = a means 99, @ = b means 20, and # = is a within-date essay-count. Links to date-adjacent essays are near page top & bottom.
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