This-essay is a7310032.htm which is available at the web-site www.essayz.com. See more notes at the bottom. Previous-Essay <== This-Essay ==> Following-Essay By-Months By-Years By-Words Webs of Like-&-Un-Like ESSAYS <==> Like-&-UN-Like This-One ========================================================== %HIERARCHY OF VALUES 731003 Each person responds to their environment (including other persons) in terms of a hierarchy of values. There are certain internalized purposes which in some way are ranked in terms of relative importance. The fulfilling of some purposes may be deferred temporarily or indefinitely- --if that is perceived as essential to the fulfilling of some purpose higher in the hierarchy of values. For example: (1) Escape eminent danger to life, (2) Eat enough, (3) Rest enough, (4) Be honest, (5) Be true to self, (6) Pass the course, (7) Go to party, (8) Satisfy an instructor. For an instructor to be helpful to a student in science education the instructor needs to have an awareness of the student's hierarchy of values. In particular, the instructor needs to be aware of the ways in which the student's hierarchy of values is different from the instructor's---with due respect for the students' right to maintain personal integrity. In typical science courses the instructor will have a hierarchy of values which places managing his students (so they get high scores on standardized tests) high on his list of values, higher than respecting the integrity and personhood of students. The students, on the other hand, are more likely to be dedicated to authentic meeting and the defense of their personal integrity. The students may find themselves in a can't win situation. This tragic situation can be avoided if one has the freedom to see that the students who are able to master knowledge and skills of the traditional sort---can do so within a non-coercive program; and the students who are unable to master knowledge and skills of the traditional sort---can profit significantly from science-relevant experiences within a non-coercive program. If students are to learn to take initiative, the instructor must give up the full control concept, and respect the decisions of students who are trying new ways to acquire the ability to behave scientifically. At the same time the instructor can be helpful by offering encouragements, guidance, and facilitating arrangements---so students can make maximum use of their limited time and the institution's educational resources. (c) 1999 by Paul A. Smith in GO: essayz.com "Search for Integrity and Honesty" (On Being Yourself, Whole and Healthy) ==========================================================Lines beginning with a percent sign are KEYWORDS for use in ESSAY-System Searches. Their terminal digits are dates of writing in the format @yymmdd#, where @ = a means 99, @ = b means 20, and # = is a within-date essay-count. Links to date-adjacent essays are near page top & bottom.
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