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This is Previous-Essay <== This-Essay ==> Following-Essay Click HERE on this line to find essays via Your-Key-Words. {Most frequent wordstarts of each essay will be put here.} ========================================================== %NATURAL LAW MORAL LAW WHO ENFORCE+000629 %GOD PUNISH GOD'S AGENTS POLICE FORCE+000629 %CAUSE EFFECT CONTROLLERS DOMINATION+000629 %SYSTEM AUTHORITY SECULAR LOCAL CULTURE+000629 %ORDER CHAOS LAW RULES COMMANDMENT 000629 Within religions and similar communities there are usually a variety of complementary and/or conflicting ways in which members and/or factions of the communities conceive and/or understand laws --- by whatever name. The following texts are suggestive of some of those conceptions and/or understandings. The texts are NOT written in a disciplined way from within one coherently formulated manner of articulation. To some extent the following texts are written within sympathetic frameworks characteristic of those people who are likely to affirm what the texts suggest --- with or without discipline and/or coherence. 1. Scientists' "laws" which are regarded as accurate, are reliable descriptions of how processes within the objective universe --- evolve throughout the four dimensional space-time continuum of the universe. "Laws" accurately describe the patterns of cause and effect --- which relate earlier situations within a volume of space-time --- to later situations within a somewhat more extensive volume of space- time. "Laws: are accurate descriptions; rather than proscriptions, prescriptions, commandments or the results of legislation. Such accurate laws do not change and cannot be changed by any known procedure. The laws do not need to be "enforced" and cannot be "enforced". There are no officials who have any authority to enforce the laws, nor to punish anyone for any "violation" of these laws. If any violations of these laws are observed --- the descriptions are refined to more clearly and accurately describe what invariably happens within clearly described circumstances and situations --- or laws are refined to acknowledge temporary ignorance or inaccuracy in specified circumstances and/or situations. Descriptive laws are regarded as worthy of high levels of honor and respect --- only to the extent that scientists from a diverse range of cultures and linguistic backgrounds agree that the descriptive laws constitute accurate descriptions of the specified processes. Within some of the sciences (e.g. physics) the most respected, reliable and accurate laws are called theories; e.g., Newton's Theory of Gravitation, Maxwell's Theory of Electro-Magnetism, Einstein's Theory of Special Relativity, Einstein's Theory of General Relativity, the Quantum Theory, and the Eight-fold Way Theory of Elementary Particle interactions which was pioneered by Feinman. 2. Some people suggest that --- in ways which parallel the above kinds of objective laws about objective processes --- their are moral laws which describe the consequences of both moral and immoral types of human behavior. It is suggested that the righteous people do (or should) prosper; and that the unrighteous people do (or should) suffer the consequences of their failures to do what they should have done. Some people appoint themselves (or appoint their friends and relatives) to help insure that the unrighteous do suffer in appropriate ways which are befitting unrighteous behaviors. 3. Some people contend that the above moral laws and/or related theocratic laws are clearly and definitely articulated within certain selected scriptural texts --- which were first transmitted from "above" and written down ten to thirty centuries earlier --- in keeping with the cosmological and mythological contexts of those who first wrote down the texts. Such people often contend with each other about the exact meanings and implications of their chosen texts. They often disagree about which texts are most important, or not of great importance. 4. Other people suggest that it is possible to describe patterns in the evolution of reflexive human relationships; e.g. as regards to the probable consequences of arrogance, self-righteousness, coercion, violence, exclusivity, extremism, dishonesty, collusions, addictions, codependence, etc. The probable consequences typically pertain to: alienation, confusion, ignorance, prejudice, excommunications, isolation, estrangement, fear, anxiety, personal-disintegration and communal- disintegration. The consequences are reliably probable, not always inevitable, and often almost unavoidable. The probable consequences usually flow naturally from dysfunctional patterns of human behavior --- rather than from occasional imposition of dysfunctional reactions of like kind; i.e., of the same nature as the dysfunctional behavior which triggered the dysfunctional reaction. The efforts of domineering people to improve relationships are rarely, if ever, successful. 5. Other people seek to promote the adoption through legislative processes of laws designed by humans to promote law-and-order, chaos, confusion, doubts, uncertainty, paradoxes, and heretical thoughts and behaviors. Their efforts often engender mixed consequences. The above texts are not mutually exclusive in any definitive sense. Some people may well affirm parts of texts; and reject other parts of the same texts. Some people may regard texts as mutually exclusive. Often people's thoughts and behaviors can reasonably be viewed as tacit affirmations of portions of the above texts, even thought the people are unaware of such tacit affirmations --- and might be inclined to deny that they are in any way making any such affirmations. They may resist any overt examination of their own tacit affirmations --- while persisting in making their tacit affirmations. Conflict-resolution is difficult with them because the real causes are hard to address openly and honestly. of incoherent conception of the nature of "operative laws" --- so long it will be difficult for those people to cooperate as peacemakers who are focused upon win/win conflict resolution. To cooperate effectively people need to understand each others' sense of the meaning of the word "law" and its diverse synonyms. Scientists are prone to value open and honest descriptions of the nature of natural processes; i.e., natural laws. By extension some scientists are prone to value open and honest descriptions of the nature of reflexive processes; e.g., collusive games of mutual self deception, addictions and "Domination Systems". People who accept ancient texts as containing transcendent laws which humans must obey --- have often found that is to their advantage to help enforce such laws very vigorously. They are unlikely to tolerate scientists' open and honest description of collusive games of mutual self deception. The above speculative descriptions suggest why some people find it nearly impossible to understand, respect, trust and cooperate with each other --- even when their personal and communal integrities depend upon their finding ways to do so soon. If they do NOT do so soon, they may drive each other to mutually assured destructions. So long as we mindlessly respect, honor and support mindlessly domineering people in their efforts to conceive and use technologies of domination with which to WIN at other more vulnerable people's expense --- so long as we will continue to be victims of our senseless ways of undermining truly open and honest cooperative ventures. Domination and cooperation are antithetical to each other, they cannot coexist. Domination entails the undermining of cooperation --- which will expose how domination undermines personal and communal integrity. Cooperations is impossible in the absence of open and honest dialogue --- through which people learn what new creative insights, understandings, truths, and relationships are essential to healthy growth and integration --- which transcend and subvert "The Domination System". So long as domineering people are respected, honored and supported --- they will in technocratic ways find new and diverse ways to dominate vulnerable people --- in ways which empower and enrich powerful domineering people --- at the expense of people who are poor, powerless, weak, sick, hungry, thirsty, confused, and unsure of themselves. Some of the most perverse forms of domination are suggested by the following texts about various technologies which have been used to accentuate the differences, contrasts and conflicts between: the rich and the poor, the powerful and the weak, the dis-eased and those at-ease, the addictive and the liberated, controllers and liberators, etc. 1. Draining of natural resources out of territories. 2. Enslavement of African natives. 3. Enslavement of females as sex objects. 4. Minimization of advancement of females. 5. Training only dominant males for leadership. 6. Hooking young people on tobacco and drugs. 7. Training women to need cosmetics and perfumes. 8. Marketing costly salvation-technologies. 9. Promoting subservient codependent relationships. 10. Encouraging the formation of addictive relationships. 11. Entrapping people in collusive games of mutual self deception. 12. Promoting respect for superficial appearances. 13. Promoting consumption-oriented life-meanings. 14. Maintaining sexual discrimination in pay scales. 15. Discouraging women from developing science interests. 16. Keeping women out of religious leadership positions. 17. Keeping women out of military leadership positions. 18. Keeping women out of political leadership positions. 19. Keeping women out of top corporate leadership positions. 20. Keeping women out of top educational positions. 21. Keeping women out of top news-media positions. The perversities of the above technologies are accentuated when they are defended as fulfillments of God's will, as promoting personal and communal integrity, as pre-destined by cosmic powers, etc. Such efforts often demand that people denigrate the importance and significance of their own experiences, perceptions and insights --- leading people to lose touch with reality and so to be more vulnerable to manipulation by domineering people who are in the service of "The Domination System" described by Walter Wink in his book "The Powers that Be". It is not technology as such which is perverse, evil, or alienative. It is the way people use and abuse technologies with indifference to both personal and communal integrity --- which is perverse and leads to alienations, separations and evil relationships. (c) 2005 by Paul A. Smith in (On Being Yourself, Whole and Healthy) ==========================================================