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This is Previous-Essay <== This-Essay ==> Following-Essay Click HERE on this line to find essays via Your-Key-Words. {Most frequent wordstarts of each essay will be put here.} ========================================================== %AUTHORITARIAN LEADERS FOLLOWERS DICTATORS CONTROL 971111 Authoritarian leaders and followers need each other. Authoritarian leaders are not fulfilled without the affirmation of followers who are willing to make great sacrifices themselves and of others --- at the bidding of the authoritarian leaders. The more obedient followers an authoritarian leader has, the more confident the leader is of him/herself, and more willing to take risks --- because of the support which is evident in a large following. Authoritarian followers need authoritarian leaders to rescue them from the need to think independently and to take responsibility for thinking, deciding and action. Authoritarian followers fear creative independent thinking, decisions and actions. They want to be told what is correct, right, proper and fitting --- and are happy to defer to authoritarian leaders who offer such services; even if at great price. A good match between authoritarian leaders and authoritarian followers can generate very influential groups such as in Germany, Italy, Russia and Japan during World War II. Authoritarian groups are usually prone to make free use of coercion, deception, dishonesty, violence and excommunication to achieve the goals chosen by the leaders. Benevolent authoritarian leaders are less overt and obvious in their use of such tools; for they are more subtle. Authoritarian groups are more interested in maintaining control --- than in promoting both personal and communal integrity. To maintain control they are willing to sacrifice both personal and communal integrity. The health of powerless women, children and minority citizens is often a matter of little concern to authoritarian leaders. Sacrifices must be made to maintain law and order, after all. The citizens fear chaos, confusion and uncertainty. Thus, the leaders promote law, order, separations and certainty. Doubt, uncertainty and profound paradoxes are eliminated in one way or another --- to the great relief of many people who appreciate the services of the authoritarian leaders. (c) 2005 by Paul A. Smith in Download it! (On Being Yourself, Whole and Healthy) ==========================================================